Human Rights Risks
in Business Operations

This is a non-exhaustive list of human rights risks and impacts common to many industries, to be used as a resource together with UNDP’s Human Rights Due Diligence Training Facilitation Guide and Human Rights Self-Assessment Training Tool.


The content was developed with the generous pro bono assistance of the international law firm Clifford Chance with support from the firm’s APAC offices, including in Perth, Sydney, Singapore and Hong Kong.


The list, regularly updated and extended, is informed by the relevant provisions of UN Human Rights Treaties, ILO Fundamental Conventions and the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs).


Terms of Employment


Wages and Workhours


Workplace Discrimination


Forced and Bonded Labour


Youth and Child Labour


Health and Safety

Product Testing


Advertisement, Marketing and Intellectual Property


Unlawful, Harmful or Discriminatory Use of Products or Provision of Services