Discrimination includes any distinction, exclusion or restriction which is made based on sex, race, or religion. Women are often subject to compounded or intersectional discrimination. That is, they are discriminated against not only on the basis of their sex, but also age, caste, marital status, pregnancy or parenthood status, disability, or HIV and AIDS status.
Some examples of intersectional discrimination include:
Women who experience multiple grounds of discrimination are often heavily represented in low-paying and precarious employment. Businesses that discriminate against woman workers based on these additional factors are in breach of several international instruments, including the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
Businesses should review their recruitment, promotion and training processes to ensure that equal and equitable opportunities for employment and promotion are provided to all women, regardless of their status or characteristics. Businesses can support women by ensuring their policies and procedures are free from any direct or indirect bias and discrimination and include equitable considerations.