Women must not be subject to discrimination based on their sex, including discrimination in employment. Globally, women are disproportionally subjected to forced labour and are often overrepresented in lower-paying jobs, particularly in some industries related to caregiving or domestic work. Women are more likely to be subject to exploitation and violence through forced domestic work and in the sex industry. Women are also more likely to be underpaid, overlooked for promotion and employed on a casual basis rather than on a permanent full-time basis. Women in paid jobs tend to work fewer hours than men in paid jobs, due to women’s other unpaid household and care responsibilities.
The economic empowerment of women is central to achieving women’s rights and gender equality. Businesses should review their recruitment, promotion and training processes to ensure that equal opportunities for employment and promotion are provided to women. Businesses can support women by ensuring their policies and procedures are free from any direct or indirect gender bias and discrimination.