Water pollution can result in illness and disease for humans and livestock, while destroying ecosystems and adversely impacting food security. For this reason, safe and clean drinking water is considered essential for the full enjoyment of life and all human rights. Pollution from agriculture or factory waste may cause serious health problems the local community, and even for people who live hundreds of miles away. In 2010, the Human Rights Council recognized that access to safe drinking water as a basic human right. The human right to safe drinking water also entitles everyone, without discrimination, to have access to sufficient, safe, acceptable, physically accessible and affordable water for personal and domestic use.
Furthermore, water sources can become compromised when businesses do not provide for proper waste management processes and sanitation facilities. In 2015, the UN General Assembly recognized that sanitation as a distinct human right. The human right to sanitation entitles everyone in all spheres of life and in all settings, without discrimination, to have physical and affordable access to sanitation that is safe, hygienic, secure, socially and culturally acceptable, and provides privacy and ensures dignity.