Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of their interests. Unions represent the interests of employees and play an important role in ensuring fair and equitable working conditions are provided to employees. Unions facilitate employee safety by providing industry-specific safety advice, convening workplace meetings to discuss grievances, and, if required, representing these grievances to management. Where unions can represent the grievances of employees, these employees do not have to approach the boss individually, reducing their risk from retaliation. Fundamentally, unions work to ensure employees are not exploited through fundamental power imbalances that often exist between employees and employer.
The rights of workers and employees to establish, join and participate in trade union activity without intimidation and discrimination are recognized human rights.