Everyone has the right to enjoyment of just and favourable conditions of work, including a safe and secure working environment. The International Labour Organization indicates that over 2.7 million people die from unsafe work conditions and exposures each year. Health risks encompass, among others, disease, tumours, disability, reproductive health risks or death. Women and men may be exposed to reproductive health risks from exposure to toxic substances.
It is essential that employers comply with national requirements for occupational health and safety and provide adequate safety equipment to protect against the risks to workers’ health caused by certain products or processes, including the risk of disease, tumours, disability, reproductive health issues or death. Businesses need to undertake a risk assessment to identify the particular risks associated with their operations, and implement strategies to mitigate those risks, including through the provision of protective clothing, equipment, face masks and eye protection, and the development of appropriate safety standards and procedures.