Labour Rights

Migrant workers are subjected to unfair recruitment and payment practices


Discrimination suffered by migrant workers often begins at the recruitment stage, where well-paying jobs are reserved for those who are willing and able to pay a fee to recruiters. Even when migrant workers find work, they typically earn substantially less, on average, than nationals doing the same job. Their chances of advancement and promotion are also less likely than nationals.


Relevant migrant rights are prescribed in the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. Article 25 of the Convention establishes that migrant workers shall enjoy treatment not less favourable than that which applies to nationals of the State of employment in respect of remuneration and other conditions of work and terms of employment. 

Relevant Human Rights Instruments

International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, 1990
ILO Convention concerning Migration for Employment, 1949 (No. 97)
ILO Recommendation concerning Migration for Employment, 1949 (No. 86)
ILO Convention concerning Migrant Workers (Supplementary Provisions), 1975 (No. 143)
ILO Recommendation concerning Migrant Workers, 1975 (No. 151)
ILO Convention concerning Forced Labour, 1930 (No. 29)
ILO Convention concerning the Abolition of Forced Labour, 1957 (No. 105)



SDG 8.8

When companies ensure that migrants are not subject to discrimination, they contribute to SDG 8.8: Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments of all workers, including migrant workers, particularly women migrants, and those in precarious employment.

SDG 10


SDG 10.7

Companies respecting migrant worker rights support the achievement of SDG 10.7: Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies.