Discrimination suffered by migrant workers often begins at the recruitment stage, where well-paying jobs are reserved for those who are willing and able to pay a fee to recruiters. Even when migrant workers find work, they typically earn substantially less, on average, than nationals doing the same job. Their chances of advancement and promotion are also less likely than nationals.
Relevant migrant rights are prescribed in the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. Article 25 of the Convention establishes that migrant workers shall enjoy treatment not less favourable than that which applies to nationals of the State of employment in respect of remuneration and other conditions of work and terms of employment.