Businesses may be required to employ private security contractors or providers to protect their workers where the government does not provide adequate protection. However, employing the services of private security contractors carries risks that they may inappropriately use force, violate women’s rights and the rights of the child, or even violate principles of international humanitarian law.
Businesses should first start by understanding and assessing their private security needs and what security risks need to be mitigated. This information will be required to inform thedue diligence process of private security contractors.
Prior to engaging a private security contractor, businesses should undertake sufficient due diligence on the contractor. Due diligence factors to consider include:
Businesses should include the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights in their agreements with private security providers to guide their conduct. After a private security contractor is selected and deployed, the business should undertake regular and ongoing due diligence on the contractor, as well as receive regular reporting from them.